DECEMBER 19, 2008--According to a team of researchers at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles (UCLA), fruit flies expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) in their retina cells or other tissues can be tracked by specially modified video cameras, creating a real-time computer record of movement and gene expression. The new technique, described in the open access journal BMC Biotechnology, promises detailed analyses of correlations between behavior, gene expression and aging.
When the flies are illuminated with blue light, the video tracking system allows tissue-specific GFP expression to be seen, then quantified and correlated with 3D animal movement in real time. According to John Tower, who led the research, "These methods allow specific temporal patterns of gene expression to be correlated with temporal patterns of animal activity, behavior and mortality."
The green fluorescent protein gene is isolated from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria and encodes a protein that absorbs blue light and emits green light. When a fly expressing GFP is illuminated by blue LEDs, filtered cameras can detect the green fluorescence that results and the fly's movement can be tracked at a rate of 60 frames per second. By linking the expression of GFP to the expression of other reporter genes, it is possible to determine when these genes are on or off, and how this is associated with a fly's behavior.
Tower said, "A large number of strains exist where GFP or some other auto-fluorescent protein is used as a reporter for specific gene expression in Drosophila and other organisms. -Our methods should be readily adaptable to such reagents, for example we have recently been successful in tracking DsRED fluorescent flies."
The article, Simultaneous tracking of fly movement and gene expression using GFP, at BMC Biotechnology.
Posted by Barbara G. Goode, firstname.lastname@example.org.